Use low-flow faucets, shower heads, reduced-flow toilet flushing equipment, and water saving appliances. Did you know that more than 4.8 billion gallons of water is flushed down toilets each day in the United States? The average American uses about 9,000 gallons of water to flush 230 gallons of waste down the toilet per year (Jensen, 1991).
Repair leaking faucets, toilets, and pumps.
Use dishwashers and clothes washers only when fully loaded.
Take short showers instead of long showers or baths and avoid letting faucets run unnecessarily.
Turn the faucet off while you brush your teeth.
Wash your car only when necessary; use a bucket to save water. Alternatively, go to a commercial carwash that uses water efficiently and disposes of runoff properly. As much as 150 gallons of water can be saved when washing a car by turning the hose off between rinses (EPA, 2002). The car should be washed on the lawn if possible to reduce runoff.
Do not over-water your lawn or garden. Over-watering may increase leaching of fertilizers to ground water. When your lawn or garden needs watering, use slow-watering techniques such as trickle irrigation or soaker hoses. (Such devices reduce runoff and are 20-percent more effective than sprinklers.) Scheduling lawn irrigation for specific early morning or evening hours can reduce water wasted due to evaporation during daylight hours.